Who Invented ZZ Method

Speedcubing, the art of solving the Rubik’s Cube as quickly as possible, has attracted a vibrant community of cubers worldwide. Over the years, various solving methods and techniques have emerged, each with its own unique approach to solving the puzzle. These methods involve different algorithms, strategies, and sequences of moves, providing cubers with diverse options to tackle the challenge of the Rubik’s Cube. Among the multitude of solving methods, the ZZ method has gained significant popularity in the speedcubing community. ZZ, which stands for “Zbigniew Zborowski,” the pseudonym of its creator, is an advanced solving method known for its efficiency and optimized move count. It offers a distinct approach to solving the Rubik’s Cube, focusing on block-building and the strategic placement of key pieces.

To truly understand and appreciate the ZZ method, it is essential to know the individual who conceived this innovative approach. Exploring the history and the motivation behind the creation of the ZZ method will explain its unique characteristics and provide insights into its increasing popularity within the speedcubing community. By uncovering the origins of the method, we can better understand its impact and significance in the world of speedcubing.

Who invented ZZ method?

The ZZ method was invented by Zbigniew Zborowski, a prominent figure in the speedcubing community. Zborowski, known by his pseudonym Zbigniew Zborowski or simply “ZZ,” is highly regarded for his innovative contributions to the world of speedcubing. His development of the ZZ method has revolutionized the way cubers approach and solve the Rubik’s Cube.

Background of the inventor

Zbigniew Zborowski possesses a deep understanding of puzzle-solving techniques and algorithms. He has demonstrated exceptional expertise and knowledge in various aspects of the Rubik’s Cube, including its mechanics, algorithms, and advanced solving methods. Zborowski’s background in mathematics and his analytical mindset played a significant role in his ability to devise a method as intricate and efficient as the ZZ method.

Motivations and intentions behind the invention of the ZZ method

Zborowski’s motivations for creating the ZZ method stemmed from his passion for pushing the boundaries of speedcubing. He sought to develop a method that would maximize efficiency, minimize move counts, and optimize solving speed. By combining his mathematical insights, deep analysis of the puzzle, and his desire for innovation, Zborowski set out to create a new solving approach that would challenge existing methods and offer a fresh perspective to cubers worldwide.

Furthermore, Zborowski aimed to provide cubers with a method that offered a different solving experience, diversifying the options available within the speedcubing community. His intention was to contribute to the growth and evolution of the sport by introducing a method that would stand out for its unique characteristics and strategic approach. Through the creation of the ZZ method, Zborowski has left a lasting impact on the speedcubing community, inspiring cubers to explore new techniques and broaden their solving horizons.

Principles and Techniques of the ZZ Method

The ZZ method is based on several key principles and concepts that set it apart from other solving methods. These include efficient block building, strategic edge orientation, optimized first two layers (F2L) techniques, and advanced permutation of the last layer (PLL) algorithms. Understanding these principles is essential to grasp the essence of the ZZ method and its approach to solving the Rubik’s Cube.

Main stages in the ZZ method

  1. ZZ Block Building: This stage prioritizes the creation of well-defined blocks on the cube, consisting of specific pieces that form a solid foundation for subsequent stages. Block building involves strategically manipulating the cube to create these blocks efficiently, taking into account their orientation and position.
  2. EO (Edge Orientation): After the blocks are constructed, the next focus is on orienting the edges of the cube’s first two layers. This stage ensures that all the edges align correctly, minimizing the number of moves required to solve the subsequent layers.
  3. F2L (First Two Layers): F2L refers to the process of solving the first two layers of Rubik’s Cube while preserving the integrity of the previously built blocks. The ZZ method employs advanced techniques to efficiently insert the remaining corner and edge pieces into their designated positions, ensuring a smooth transition to the next stage.
  4. PLL (Permutation of the Last Layer): The final stage involves permuting the pieces of the last layer to solve the entire cube. This stage requires the application of specific algorithms to rearrange the positions of the corners and edges accurately, achieving a fully solved Rubik’s Cube.

Advantages of the ZZ method compared to other methods

The ZZ method offers several advantages and unique characteristics that distinguish it from other solving methods:

  1. Efficiency: It is renowned for its optimized move count, allowing cubers to solve the Rubik’s Cube with fewer moves compared to other methods. This efficiency is a result of its strategic block-building approach and optimized algorithms.
  2. Flexibility: It offers flexibility in terms of solving style and personal preferences. It allows cubers to adapt the method to their individual strengths, enabling them to explore different strategies and techniques based on their solving style.
  3. Intuitive Block Building: The emphasis on block building promotes intuitive and logical thinking. This approach encourages cubers to analyze and understand the puzzle’s structure, leading to better insights and decision-making during the solving process.
  4. Advanced Algorithms: It incorporates advanced algorithms for edge orientation and last-layer permutation. These algorithms have been developed and refined by practitioners, enabling efficient solving and minimizing the need for extensive algorithm memorization.

The ZZ method’s combination of efficiency, flexibility, intuitive block building, and advanced algorithms has made it a popular choice among speedcubers seeking an alternative approach to solving the Rubik’s Cube. Its unique characteristics have contributed to its growing recognition and adoption within the speedcubing community.

Recognition and Spread of the ZZ Method

When the ZZ method was first introduced, it garnered attention and curiosity within the speedcubing community. Cubers were intrigued by its unique approach and its potential to offer an alternative solving method. While initially considered a niche method, it gradually gained recognition as more cubers began exploring its principles and techniques. Its reputation grew as its advantages and efficiency became apparent to those who embraced it.

Competitions played a significant role in popularizing the ZZ method. As speedcubers who practiced this method started participating in competitions, they showcased its effectiveness and demonstrated remarkable solving times. Notable achievements by ZZ method users in competitions served as a catalyst for its spread and acceptance within the speedcubing community. These achievements highlighted the competitive potential of the method and encouraged more cubers to explore and adopt it.

The combined efforts of competitions, notable achievements, and online communities dedicated to the ZZ method have led to its increased recognition and widespread adoption. As more cubers embrace this method and experience its benefits firsthand, its popularity continues to grow, solidifying its position as a respected and viable solving method within the speedcubing community.

Impact and Influence of the ZZ Method

The ZZ method has gained significant recognition and widespread adoption within the speedcubing community. Many speedcubers have embraced the method as an alternative solving approach, appreciating its unique characteristics and solving techniques. In competitions around the world, cubers utilizing the method have demonstrated its effectiveness by achieving impressive solving times and challenging traditional solving methods. The growing number of cubers adopting the ZZ method showcases its popularity and influence in the speedcubing community.

Several notable speedcubers have achieved remarkable results using the ZZ method, showcasing its effectiveness and potential. These cubers have achieved impressive solve times, set records, and established themselves as prominent figures in the speedcubing community. Their success with this method has inspired and motivated others to explore and adopt the method. Their achievements serve as a testament to the capabilities of the ZZ method and contribute to its reputation and influence in the speedcubing world.

Furthermore, the influence of the ZZ method can be observed in the mindset and solving strategies of speedcubers. Its emphasis on efficient and intuitive solving has encouraged cubers to prioritize planning, lookahead, and optimization in their solving algorithms. This influence has permeated the speedcubing community, leading to a greater focus on efficiency and advanced solving techniques.


The ZZ method, invented by Zbigniew Zborowski, has made a significant impact in the world of speedcubing. It offers a unique and efficient approach to solving the Rubik’s Cube, utilizing block-building strategies and intuitive techniques. The method has gained widespread adoption and recognition within the speedcubing community, with cubers appreciating its advantages and embracing its solving principles.

Zbigniew Zborowski, the inventor of the ZZ method, deserves recognition for his contributions to the speedcubing community. His innovative thinking and dedication to puzzle solving led to the development of a method that has captivated cubers worldwide. Additionally, the evolution and refinement of the ZZ method owe credit to the contributions of other speedcubers who have explored and enhanced its techniques over time. It has brought new perspectives and possibilities to the world of speedcubing. Its impact is seen in the improved solving times and achievements of cubers who have adopted the method. As the speedcubing community continues to evolve, the ZZ method is likely to play a significant role in shaping the future of solving techniques.

The significance of the ZZ method lies not only in its efficient solving approach but also in its influence on other solving methods. Its principles and techniques have inspired cubers to think creatively and explore new ways of approaching Rubik’s Cube. This cross-pollination of ideas and techniques has led to advancements and innovations in speedcubing as a whole.

Looking ahead, the ZZ method is poised to continue making an impact in the speedcubing community. With ongoing refinements, collaborations, and the dedication of speedcubers worldwide, the method will likely continue to evolve and inspire future generations of cubers. The ZZ method serves as a testament to the ingenuity and passion within the speedcubing community and will undoubtedly have a lasting influence on the future of puzzle solving.

Leave a Comment