How to Speed Solve a Rubik’s Cube

The Rubik’s cube quickly became a global phenomenon after its invention in 1974 and has remained a popular puzzle ever since. The cube consists of 6 faces, each composed of 9 smaller squares of a single color. The objective of the puzzle is to scramble the cube and then solve it by returning each face to a single color. To effectively speed solve a Rubik’s cube, it is important first to understand the mechanics of the cube and the notation system used to describe its movements. Each face of the cube is labeled with a letter, with the front face being F, the back face being B, the right face being R, the left face being L, the top face being U, and the bottom face being D. These letters are used to describe the various moves and algorithms used in speed solving.

Additionally, understanding cube notation is essential for speed solving. Each move is described by a letter followed by an optional number indicating the number of 90-degree turns in a clockwise direction. For example, a move of F2 would involve turning the front face 180 degrees (or two 90-degree turns).

By understanding the mechanics and notation system of the Rubik’s cube, speed solvers can quickly and efficiently make moves to solve the puzzle in record time.

Techniques for Speed Solving

Speed solving a Rubik’s cube involves using specific techniques that allow solvers to solve the puzzle efficiently. These techniques include the Cross, F2L, OLL, and PLL.

The Cross is the first step in speed-solving a Rubik’s cube. The objective is to solve the first layer of the cube quickly and efficiently. Solvers begin by choosing a center color and building a cross of that color on the first layer. This involves aligning four edge pieces with the center color to form a cross shape. The goal is to complete this step in as few moves as possible.

F2L, or First Two Layers, is the next step in speed solving. In this step, solvers solve the second layer of the cube using pairs of edge and corner pieces. The objective is to efficiently match the edge and corner pieces and insert them into their correct positions. Many different algorithms are used for F2L, and speed solvers typically use a combination of muscle memory and pattern recognition to complete this step as quickly as possible.

OLL, known as Orientation of the Last Layer, is the third step in speed solving. The objective is to orient the last layer so that all of the yellow squares are facing upwards. This is accomplished by using a set of algorithms to rotate the pieces on the last layer until the yellow squares are oriented correctly.

PLL, known as Permutation of the Last Layer, is the final step in speed solving. The objective is to permute or arrange the pieces on the last layer so that the cube is solved. This step involves a set of algorithms that allow solvers to quickly and efficiently arrange the last layer pieces into their correct positions.

To succeed at speed solving, solvers must practice these techniques until they can complete them quickly and efficiently. They must also memorize the algorithms used for each step and be able to recognize cube patterns quickly. With practice and repetition, speed solvers can solve a Rubik’s cube in record time.

Tips for Speed Solving

Speed solving a Rubik’s cube requires more than just knowledge of the techniques and algorithms. Here are some tips that can help speed solvers improve their solving times:

Practice and repetition: Speed solvers must practice solving the cube repeatedly to improve their solving times. The more they practice, the better they recognize cube patterns and execute the algorithms efficiently.

Efficiency in finger movements and turning the cube: Speed solvers must use efficient finger movements to minimize the time it takes to execute each algorithm. They should also turn the cube quickly and accurately to prevent mistakes and reduce solving time.

Memorizing algorithms and practicing them until they become second nature: Speed solvers must memorize the algorithms used for each step and practice them repeatedly until they become second nature. This allows them to execute the algorithms quickly and without hesitation.

Understanding cube patterns and recognizing them quickly: Speed solvers must be able to recognize cube patterns quickly to execute the algorithms efficiently. This comes with practice, repetition, and a strong understanding of the cube’s mechanics.

In addition to these tips, speed solvers should take breaks to prevent burnout and fatigue. They should also experiment with different methods and techniques to find what works best for them.


Speed solving a Rubik’s cube is a challenging but rewarding puzzle that requires knowledge of the cube’s mechanics, algorithms, and pattern recognition. With practice and repetition, anyone can improve their solving time and become a speed solver. By following the techniques and tips outlined in this article, speed solvers can become faster and more efficient at solving the Rubik’s cube.

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