A Complete Beginner’s Guide to Solving the Rubik’s Cube

The Rubik’s Cube, a colorful and perplexing puzzle, has captured the imagination of people worldwide for decades. Its deceptively simple design hides a complex challenge that can leave even the most determined individuals scratching their heads in frustration. However, fear not! This beginner’s guide is your key to unlocking the secrets of the Rubik’s Cube. By the end of this journey, you’ll have the skills and knowledge to conquer the cube and impress your friends.

Understanding the Rubik’s Cube

Before we dive into solving the Rubik’s Cube, it’s crucial to understand its fundamental components and how it works.

I. The Anatomy of a Rubik’s Cube

The Rubik’s Cube is a 3x3x3 puzzle, consisting of:

  1. Six faces: Each face has a unique color: white, yellow, blue, green, red, and orange.
  2. 54 individual cubes: These are known as “cubies,” and they make up the larger puzzle.
  3. Three layers: The cube has three distinct layers: the top, middle, and bottom.

Understanding these basics is essential before solving the Rubik’s cube.

II. Basic Notation

To solve the Rubik’s Cube effectively, you need to understand cube notation. Cube notation is a standardized way of describing moves, and it’s essential for following solving algorithms.

  1. U: Turn the Upper (top) face clockwise.
  2. U’: Turn the Upper (top) face counterclockwise.
  3. D: Turn the Down (bottom) face clockwise.
  4. D’: Turn the Down (bottom) face counterclockwise.
  5. L: Turn the Left face clockwise.
  6. L’: Turn the Left face counterclockwise.
  7. R: Turn the Right face clockwise.
  8. R’: Turn the Right face counterclockwise.
  9. F: Turn the Front face clockwise.
  10. F’: Turn the Front face counterclockwise.
  11. B: Turn the Back face clockwise.
  12. B’: Turn the Back face counterclockwise.

These notations represent different moves you can make to manipulate the cube’s configuration.

Beginner’s Method/ Layer-By-Layer Method

The layer-by-layer method is an excellent starting point for beginners. It involves solving one layer at a time, beginning with the first (bottom) layer, moving to the middle layer, and finally, solving the top layer. Here’s a step-by-step breakdown:

Step 1: Solving the Cross on the First Layer

Your first goal is to solve the cross on the bottom layer. The cross consists of a single-edge piece with the same color as the center on each side. Here’s how to do it:

  1. Choose a color: Start with any color, but it’s often easiest to begin with white or yellow.
  2. Find the centerpiece: Locate the center cubie of the chosen color. This is the reference point for the entire face.
  3. Edge pieces: Identify the edge pieces that match the centerpiece’s color. These are the ones you’ll use to form the cross.
  4. Position the edge pieces: Use cube notation to position the edge pieces correctly and complete the cross.

Step 2: Completing the First Layer Corners

Once you have the cross on the first layer, your next goal is to solve the four corner pieces of the same color as the center. Here’s how to do it:

  1. Find the corner pieces: Identify the corner pieces with the same color as the center on the first layer.
  2. Position the corner pieces: Use cube notation to place the corner pieces in their correct positions.

Step 3: Solving the Middle Layer

With the first layer complete, it’s time to move on to the middle layer. This step involves solving the four edge pieces of the middle layer. Here’s how:

  1. Identify the middle layer edge pieces: Find the edge pieces that belong to the middle layer.
  2. Position the edge pieces: Use cube notation to move the edge pieces to their correct positions.

Step 4: Solving the Top Layer

The final step is solving the top layer, often referred to as the OLL (Orientation of the Last Layer) and PLL (Permutation of the Last Layer). This is the most challenging part of solving the cube, but with practice, it becomes manageable.

  1. Orientation of the Last Layer (OLL): First, you’ll orient the top layer cubies so they all face the correct way.
  2. Permutation of the Last Layer (PLL): In this step, you’ll learn algorithms to move the top layer cubies to their correct positions.


As you embark on your Rubik’s Cube-solving journey, you’re likely to encounter some challenges and common mistakes. Let’s address those issues and provide some helpful tips.

1. The Cross Doesn’t Match

  • Issue: You’ve attempted to create the cross on the first layer, but it doesn’t match the center color.
  • Solution: Revisit the cross-formation steps, ensuring that the edge pieces are correctly positioned.

2. Corner Pieces Are Misplaced

  • Issue: The corner pieces in the first layer are in the wrong positions.
  • Solution: Follow the corner piece placement steps carefully, and use cube notation to correct their positions.

3. Middle Layer Edges Are Incorrect

  • Issue: The edge pieces in the middle layer are not where they should be.
  • Solution: Double-check your edge piece positioning using cube notation and make the necessary adjustments.

4. Top Layer Challenges

  • Issue: The top layer is proving to be particularly challenging.
  • Solution: Practice the OLL and PLL algorithms until you become more comfortable with them. Learning these algorithms takes time, so don’t get discouraged.

Tips for Success

1. Practice Regularly

  • Practice is key to becoming proficient at solving the Rubik’s Cube. The more you solve it, the better you’ll become.

2. Learn Algorithms Gradually

  • Don’t overwhelm yourself by trying to learn all algorithms at once. Start with the basics and slowly move ahead.

3. Use Online Resources

  • Numerous tutorials, videos, and online communities including jojcuber are dedicated to solving the Rubik’s Cube. Take advantage of these resources for guidance and support.

4. Stay Patient and Persistent

  • Solving the Rubik’s Cube can be challenging, but don’t give up. Persistence is key, and the sense of accomplishment is incredibly rewarding when you finally solve it.


In conclusion, the Rubik’s Cube may seem like an impossible puzzle, but with the right knowledge and practice, you can conquer it and become a skilled cuber. As you’ve learned in this beginner’s guide, the Rubik’s Cube is not just a random arrangement of colors but a structured puzzle with well-defined steps for solving it.

You’ve gained the essential tools to tackle this challenging puzzle by understanding the cube’s anatomy, basic notation, and the layer-by-layer method. Remember that the journey to mastering the Rubik’s Cube is a learning process, and it’s perfectly normal to encounter obstacles along the way. If you find yourself struggling with a particular step, take a step back, review the instructions, and practice until you achieve mastery.

Additionally, the tips for success emphasize the importance of regular practice, gradual learning of algorithms, and leveraging online resources and communities. The Rubik’s Cube community is vast and supportive, so don’t hesitate to seek guidance and share your progress with fellow cubers.

Above all, remember that patience and persistence are your greatest allies in conquering the Rubik’s Cube. As you continue to practice, you’ll experience the satisfaction and sense of accomplishment that comes with solving this iconic puzzle. So, pick up your Rubik’s Cube and become a Rubik’s Cube-solving enthusiast. Happy cubing!

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